Assessing seafood health hazard risks in the supply chain of Senegalese Fisheries

During March 2020, one of our associated consultants (J. Vilata) will take part in a preliminary assessment of factors influencing seafood health hazard risks in the supply chains of artisanal and industrial fisheries in Senegal. This project is encompassed within the wider initiative by USAID Feed the Future, aimed to apply food safety situational analysis (FSSA) of food safety conditions (hazards, risks, drivers, impacts), not just in seafood but in a variety of other basic foods as well (including vegetables, grain, and dairy products).

As a coastal developing country Senegal relies highly on its marine resources. About 50% of the population lives in the coastal zone, and fisheries provide over 75% of their animal protein intake. Indeed Senegal has the second highest per capita fish consumption in Africa (36 kg year−1) (Belhabib et al 2014). Thus, it is of vital importance to ensure that seafood consumption does not involve health hazards to the population.

Landing sardinella (Photo by Juan Vilata). The full author’s porfolio can be visited at Alamy [https://bit.ly/3cqu6r4].

Furthermore, fish processing remains an important source of employment and economic (and food) security. Many fishmongers and local-level fish intermediaries are women. The fish processing for the domestic market is also majoritarily carried out by women (femmes transformatrices de poisson). Thus, traditionally processed fish (such as Sardinella and other small pelagics) is not only a crucial source of nutrients but also a key component of family’s livelihoods along coastal communities.

Braised and salted sardinella (Photo by Juan Vilata). The full author’s porfolio can be visited at Alamy [https://bit.ly/3cqu6r4].

References

Belhabib, D., Koutob, V., Sall, A., Lam, V. W., & Pauly, D. (2014). Fisheries catch misreporting and its implications: The case of Senegal. Fisheries Research, 151, 1-11. Available at: https://bit.ly/2Vv86oy

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