Octopus resources in the Indian Ocean

We have been recently assessing several octopus fisheries (Day octopus, sandbird octopus, etc) in the Indian Ocean for a client and we have found that the available information about the distribution and fisheries of these species in that Ocean is very scarce and in some cases incorrect. It is why, Naunet has just launched an initiative to collect all the available information about octopus  species (distribution, fisheries, etc.) in the area. We have already contacted several stakeholders in the Indian Ocean, including NGOs working in fisheries projects, managers, universities, etc to gather first-hand knowledge about these species. However, if you can provide us information about these fisheries, please contact us. We will be pleased to hear from you. We are interested in all Western and Eastern Indian Ocean countries, including South Africa, Mozambique, Madagascar, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, Yemen, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Indonesia and all the islands in the Indian Ocean.

Octopus cyanea from the Philippines at the Bluefin stand in the Seafood Expo Brussels 2017

Cephalopod fisheries

Our consultants at Naunet are specialized in cephalopod and tuna fisheries. We are currently assessing two cephalopod fisheries for a client: the Patagonian squid (Dorytheutis gahi) fishery in the Falklands Islands, and the Japanese flying squid (Todarodes pacificus) in the Northwest Pacific. The Patagonian squid supports an important fishery on the Patagonian shelf. Recruitment of this species is highly variable and strongly influenced by biological and oceanographic conditions.  In the Falklands, after one year of poor catches, due to the predation of this species by Illex argentinus (squid), around 67,000 tonnes were landed in 2017. The species is caught by 16 licensed trawlers working in the so-called Loligo box. The Japanese flying squid, lives in coastal areas an dopen oceans of Japan, China, Russia and North America and once supported one of the most important fisheries in the world (now overtaken by Dosidicus gigas). The species is caught by Japanese, Korean, Chinese and Russian jiggers and netters.

 

Proposals

Since the beginning of the year we have been very busy preparing proposals for several projects. Two weeks ago, we sent a proposal to monitor and evaluate three fisheries related projects which are currently being undertaken in Mozambique.  Last week, we prepared a proposal to carry out a MSC pre-assessment of 42 inshore fisheries in Wales. We are now trying to find partners to apply for two projects in Kenya and Angola. The aim of the first project is to assess the state of priority fisheries in Kenya, whereas the main objective of the second project is to carry out a systematic census of inland fisheries in the target municipalities of Malange, Bengo, Luanda and North Kwanza in Angola. These last two projects are funded by the World Bank.

 

Evaluating sustainable sources of common octopus for a Spanish importer

© Jose Peiro

We were appointed by one of the main Spanish octopus importers to search for alternative sources of prime-quality and sustainable octopus, in order to reduce its strong dependency on traditional exporting countries such as Morocco and Mauritania.

Firstly, we undertook an in-depth desktop-based review of global octopus fisheries, identifying the species and landed volumes. For each fishery identified we also collected information on the fishing methods employed, the existing management measures and the state of the resources.

Based on this scoping, we provided our clients with a final list of the most interesting alternative sources of sustainable octopus, so that they could position themselves in strategic niche markets with an increasing demand for this product.

Study about co-managed fisheries in North-western Africa countries

Naunet was commissioned by a globally known NGO, to carry out a study about comanaged fisheries in four North-western African countries: Morocco, Mauritania, Senegal and The Gambia. The main goal of this project was to analyse how seafood buyers’ choices in Europe might impact the livelihoods of fisheries-dependent coastal communities in developing countries.

© Jose Peiro

Firstly, Naunet undertook a desktop mapping of all the fisheries engaged in co-management initiatives within the area, collecting information on species, volumes, type of co-management implemented, stakeholder involvement and links to the EU market and/or policies.

Two relevant fisheries, both located in Senegal, were finally selected for a full case study. Thereafter, we travelled to Senegal in order to identify the strengths and weaknesses of each fishery’s comanagement system. Based upon our findings and our interviews with fisheries stakeholders, we drafted a set of recommendations aimed to managers and corporate buyers on how to help promoting these initiatives in these countries.

You can downdoad the report here.

Review of Philippines’ Tuna Fishery Management Plans

© Juan Vilata

Our client developed a program aiming to achieve the sustainability of Philippines’ tuna artisanal fisheries both at the sub-national and national level, including the full compliance of Philippines’ international obligations as a member country to the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). An instrumental component in this process was the availability of adequate tuna management plans at the sub-national and national levels.

We were commissioned by our Client to perform a thorough review of the data informing the plans, and of the plans themselves, ensuring their alignment with the requirements of WCFPC’s Conservation and Management Measures. We were also requested to identify gaps in the information collected and to suggest the necessary adjustments, as well as to provide technical guidance during the process of drafting the tuna management plans.

Fishery Improvement Projects (FIPs)

© Juan Vilata

Many fisheries around the world are not yet sustainably managed. It means that these fisheries are missing marketing opportunities and higher prices due to the fact that they can’t sell their products to some major seafood buyers or local retailers who are committed to sustainability in their sourcing.

Fishery improvement projects (FIPs) help fisheries to meet national and international sustainable standards by involving multiple stakeholders—such as fishermen, buyers, researchers, managers and NGOs— to improve fishing practices and management. The involvement of multiple stakeholders with different perspectives and backgrounds ensures that the FIP activities are appropriate for the social and economic context of the fishery.

Our consultants at Naunet are specialized in fisheries certification programs. They are able to work initiating and coordinating fishery improvement projects (FIPs) and providing technical support to the stakeholders involved in the FIP. Some of the works carried out by Naunet fisheries consultants include:

    • Development of work plans designed to address deficiencies in the fishery to achieve a level of sustainability consistent with international standards;
    • Designing of systems for tracking and reporting progress against the indicators indicate in the work plan;
    • Engage stakeholders to join forces in FIPs.

For more info about FIPs, please visit:

https://www.sustainablefish.org/fisheries-improvement